Theileria parva is an important veterinary protozoan causing the tick-borne disease East Coast fever. Transfection of Theileria parasites will facilitate the investigation of many aspects of this apicomplexan infection and its unique host-parasite interaction. The pathogen has the extraordinary capacity of transforming B and T cells into clonally dividing cancerous cell lines in a reversible way. Sequence data of the entire T. parva genome are available and in vitro infected cell lines can easily be generated, thereby eliminating the use of animals in the evaluation of the evolution of the transfected sporozoites. Here we report, for the first time, on experiments towards successful transient transfection of T. parva sporozoites, making use of a new generation transfection device. Plasmid DNA containing the strong EF-1α promoter and an Azami Green reporter gene were integrated by nucleofection into freshly purified T. parva sporozoites. Expression of Azami Green was detected with a fluorescence microscope and confirmed by counter staining with a monoclonal directed against a sporozoite protein. Despite the fact that transfection efficiencies are still low, this is the first step towards a stable infection method of T. parva parasites. In the long run, transfected parasites might become an alternative way to induce immunity without clinical signs.

Originele taal-2Engels
TijdschriftVeterinary Parasitology
Volume208
Nummer van het tijdschrift3-4
Pagina's (van-tot)238-241
Aantal pagina's4
ISSN0304-4017
DOI's
StatusGepubliceerd - 2015

ID: 1441849