• Thao T. B. Nguyen
  • Veronique Dermauw
  • Hafid Dahma
  • Dung Thi Bui
  • Trang T. H. Le
  • Ngan T. T. Phi
  • Laetitia Lempereur
  • Bertrand Losson
  • Olivier Vandenberg
  • Dung Trung Do
  • Pierre Dorny

Background Clonorchiasis, caused by the fish-borne trematodeClonorchis sinensis, is a neglected tropical disease and a public health issue in endemic countries. In Vietnam, an in-depth analysis of risk factors for the condition is missing up to now. This study aimed to determine the prevalence ofC.sinensisinfection and associated risk factors in rural communities in northern Vietnam. Methodology/Principal findings A cross-sectional survey was conducted in 4 communes in Yen Bai and Thanh Hoa provinces where clonorchiasis is known to be present and raw fish consumption is a common. Using a simple random sampling approach, stool was collected from 841 participants over 6 years old for coprological examination, and a questionnaire measured knowledge, attitudes, and practices with regard to clonorchiasis in 757 participants over 15 years old. Univariable and multivariable logistic regression models were run to identify risk factors for infection withC.sinensis. The overall prevalence ofC.sinensisinfection was 40.4%, with commune prevalences ranging between 26.5% and 53.3%. In the final model, males were significantly more likely to be infected withC.sinensis(OR 2.00; 95% CI 1.31-3.05). Recent (i.e. last year) consumption of raw fish (OR 8.00, 95% CI 4.78-13.36), low education level (OR 5.57; 95% CI 2.37-13.07), lack of treatment (OR 1.82, 95% CI 1.15-2.89), being between 19 to 39 years old (OR 6.46; 95% CI 1.25-33.37), and the presence of an unhygienic toilet (OR 2.74, 95% CI 1.53-4.92) were significantly associated withC.sinensisinfection. Conclusion/Significance This study demonstrated a high prevalence ofC.sinensisinfection in rural communities in northern Vietnam. Thus, control measures including, mass drug administration for those communes should be applied to reduce the prevalence. Moreover, specific health education activities should be developed for risk groups inC.sinensisendemic areas.

Author summary Clonorchiasis, caused by the fish-borne trematodeClonorchis sinensis, is a chronic liver infection and is classified as a neglected tropical disease, particularly in some Asian countries such as Vietnam. Light infections withC.sinensisare asymptomatic, yet heavy chronic infections are associated with clinical complications such as, bile duct obstruction, hepatic fibrosis and the most serious complication being bile duct cancer. We carried out a community-based study onC.sinensisinfection in rural communities in northern Vietnam. Our results indicated that the Thac Ba lake area in Yen Bai province is a hot spot ofC.sinensisinfection, and that Thanh Hoa province remains an area with widespread small liver fluke infection. Eating raw fish was confirmed to be an important risk factor forC.sinensisinfection in Vietnam. Presence of infection was furthermore associated with gender, age, education and hygienic practices. Mass drug administration and improved awareness campaigns for the population in these regions are needed. Setting-specific interventions targeting different risk groups should be considered to reduce the disease transmission.

Originele taal-2Engels
Artikel nummer0008483
TijdschriftPLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
Volume14
Nummer van het tijdschrift8
Aantal pagina's17
ISSN1935-2735
DOI's
StatusGepubliceerd - aug-2020

ID: 12796205