Empiric malaria treatment in Sub-Saharan Africa has significantly decreased with the scaling-up of malaria rapid diagnostic tests; this coincided with a pronounced increase in empiric antibiotic prescriptions. In high-income countries, guidance for antibiotic prescriptions using biomarkers such as C-reactive protein (CRP) and procalcitonin (PCT) has reduced antibiotic use while safe-guarding patient safety. Importantly, several low-cost point-of-care CRP/PCT tests are currently available. However, only a few studies on the role of CRP/PCT in differentiating bacterial vs viral infections in acute febrile illness have been conducted in Sub-Saharan Africa. Studies from Central and West Africa (most of which is malaria-endemic) are particularly scarce, and only 1 has included adults. The evidence base for point-of-care use of CRP/PCT biomarkers in acute fever in Sub-Saharan Africa should be urgently built. Before engaging in clinical trials to assess clinical impact, pilot studies should be conducted to address key knowledge gaps including recommended CRP/PCT cutoff values and the effect of malaria coinfection.

Originele taal-2Engels
TijdschriftOpen Forum Infectious Diseases
Nummer van het tijdschrift8
Pagina's (van-tot)ofaa260
StatusGepubliceerd - 2020

ID: 6127165