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Gender disparities in high-quality research revealed by Nature Index journals. / Bendels, Michael H K; Müller, Ruth; Brueggmann, Doerthe; Groneberg, David A.

In: PLoS ONE, Vol. 13, Nr. 1, 2018, blz. e0189136.

Onderzoeksoutput: Bijdrage aan tijdschriftA1: Web of Science-artikel

Harvard

Bendels, MHK, Müller, R, Brueggmann, D & Groneberg, DA 2018, 'Gender disparities in high-quality research revealed by Nature Index journals', PLoS ONE, vol. 13, nr. 1, blz. e0189136. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0189136

APA

Bendels, M. H. K., Müller, R., Brueggmann, D., & Groneberg, D. A. (2018). Gender disparities in high-quality research revealed by Nature Index journals. PLoS ONE, 13(1), e0189136. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0189136

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Author

Bendels, Michael H K ; Müller, Ruth ; Brueggmann, Doerthe ; Groneberg, David A. / Gender disparities in high-quality research revealed by Nature Index journals. In: PLoS ONE. 2018 ; Vol. 13, Nr. 1. blz. e0189136.

BibTeX

@article{89ff777408b24c9caf0982df83f0f9e7,
title = "Gender disparities in high-quality research revealed by Nature Index journals",
abstract = "BACKGROUND: The present study aims to elucidate the state of gender equality in high-quality research by analyzing the representation of female authorships in the last decade (from 2008 to 2016).METHODS: Based on the Gendermetrics platform, 293,557 research articles from 54 journals listed in the Nature Index were considered covering the categories Life Science, Multidisciplinary, Earth & Environmental and Chemistry. The core method was the combined analysis of the proportion of female authorships and the female-to-male odds ratio for first, co- and last authorships. The distribution of prestigious authorships was measured by the Prestige Index.RESULTS: 29.8{\%} of all authorships and 33.1{\%} of the first, 31.8{\%} of the co- and 18.1{\%} of the last authorships were held by women. The corresponding female-to-male odds ratio is 1.19 (CI: 1.18-1.20) for first, 1.35 (CI: 1.34-1.36) for co- and 0.47 (CI: 0.46-0.48) for last authorships. Women are underrepresented at prestigious authorships compared to men (Prestige Index = -0.42). The underrepresentation accentuates in highly competitive articles attracting the highest citation rates, namely, articles with many authors and articles that were published in highest-impact journals. More specifically, a large negative correlation between the 5-Year-Impact-Factor of a journal and the female representation at prestigious authorships was revealed (r(52) = -.63, P < .001). Women publish fewer articles compared to men (39.0{\%} female authors are responsible for 29.8{\%} of all authorships) and are underrepresented at productivity levels of more than 2 articles per author. Articles with female key authors are less frequently cited than articles with male key authors. The gender-specific differences in citation rates increase the more authors contribute to an article. Distinct differences at the journal, journal category, continent and country level were revealed. The prognosis for the next decades forecast a very slow harmonization of authorships odds between the two genders.",
keywords = "Authorship, Female, Humans, Journal Impact Factor, Male, Publishing, Research, Sex Factors",
author = "Bendels, {Michael H K} and Ruth M{\"u}ller and Doerthe Brueggmann and Groneberg, {David A}",
note = "CPDF",
year = "2018",
doi = "10.1371/journal.pone.0189136",
language = "English",
volume = "13",
pages = "e0189136",
journal = "PLoS ONE",
issn = "1932-6203",
publisher = "Public Library of Science",
number = "1",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Gender disparities in high-quality research revealed by Nature Index journals

AU - Bendels, Michael H K

AU - Müller, Ruth

AU - Brueggmann, Doerthe

AU - Groneberg, David A

N1 - CPDF

PY - 2018

Y1 - 2018

N2 - BACKGROUND: The present study aims to elucidate the state of gender equality in high-quality research by analyzing the representation of female authorships in the last decade (from 2008 to 2016).METHODS: Based on the Gendermetrics platform, 293,557 research articles from 54 journals listed in the Nature Index were considered covering the categories Life Science, Multidisciplinary, Earth & Environmental and Chemistry. The core method was the combined analysis of the proportion of female authorships and the female-to-male odds ratio for first, co- and last authorships. The distribution of prestigious authorships was measured by the Prestige Index.RESULTS: 29.8% of all authorships and 33.1% of the first, 31.8% of the co- and 18.1% of the last authorships were held by women. The corresponding female-to-male odds ratio is 1.19 (CI: 1.18-1.20) for first, 1.35 (CI: 1.34-1.36) for co- and 0.47 (CI: 0.46-0.48) for last authorships. Women are underrepresented at prestigious authorships compared to men (Prestige Index = -0.42). The underrepresentation accentuates in highly competitive articles attracting the highest citation rates, namely, articles with many authors and articles that were published in highest-impact journals. More specifically, a large negative correlation between the 5-Year-Impact-Factor of a journal and the female representation at prestigious authorships was revealed (r(52) = -.63, P < .001). Women publish fewer articles compared to men (39.0% female authors are responsible for 29.8% of all authorships) and are underrepresented at productivity levels of more than 2 articles per author. Articles with female key authors are less frequently cited than articles with male key authors. The gender-specific differences in citation rates increase the more authors contribute to an article. Distinct differences at the journal, journal category, continent and country level were revealed. The prognosis for the next decades forecast a very slow harmonization of authorships odds between the two genders.

AB - BACKGROUND: The present study aims to elucidate the state of gender equality in high-quality research by analyzing the representation of female authorships in the last decade (from 2008 to 2016).METHODS: Based on the Gendermetrics platform, 293,557 research articles from 54 journals listed in the Nature Index were considered covering the categories Life Science, Multidisciplinary, Earth & Environmental and Chemistry. The core method was the combined analysis of the proportion of female authorships and the female-to-male odds ratio for first, co- and last authorships. The distribution of prestigious authorships was measured by the Prestige Index.RESULTS: 29.8% of all authorships and 33.1% of the first, 31.8% of the co- and 18.1% of the last authorships were held by women. The corresponding female-to-male odds ratio is 1.19 (CI: 1.18-1.20) for first, 1.35 (CI: 1.34-1.36) for co- and 0.47 (CI: 0.46-0.48) for last authorships. Women are underrepresented at prestigious authorships compared to men (Prestige Index = -0.42). The underrepresentation accentuates in highly competitive articles attracting the highest citation rates, namely, articles with many authors and articles that were published in highest-impact journals. More specifically, a large negative correlation between the 5-Year-Impact-Factor of a journal and the female representation at prestigious authorships was revealed (r(52) = -.63, P < .001). Women publish fewer articles compared to men (39.0% female authors are responsible for 29.8% of all authorships) and are underrepresented at productivity levels of more than 2 articles per author. Articles with female key authors are less frequently cited than articles with male key authors. The gender-specific differences in citation rates increase the more authors contribute to an article. Distinct differences at the journal, journal category, continent and country level were revealed. The prognosis for the next decades forecast a very slow harmonization of authorships odds between the two genders.

KW - Authorship

KW - Female

KW - Humans

KW - Journal Impact Factor

KW - Male

KW - Publishing

KW - Research

KW - Sex Factors

U2 - 10.1371/journal.pone.0189136

DO - 10.1371/journal.pone.0189136

M3 - A1: Web of Science-article

C2 - 29293499

VL - 13

SP - e0189136

JO - PLoS ONE

JF - PLoS ONE

SN - 1932-6203

IS - 1

ER -

ID: 12735579