• Enrico Tortoli
  • Conor J. Meehan
  • Antonella Grottola
  • Giulia Fregni Serpini
  • Anna Fabio
  • Alberto Trovato
  • Monica Pecorari
  • Daniela M. Cirillo

The aim of this study was to clarify the taxonomic status of named species within the genus Mycobacterium. The analysis of genomes belonging to 174 taxa (species or subspecies) of the genus Mycobacterium was conducted using both the Average Nucleotide Identity and the Genome to Genome Distance. A number of synonymous taxa were detected. The list of synonyms includes: two subspecies of M. chelonae (M. chelonae subsp. bovis and M. chelonae subsp. gwanakae), two subspecies of M. fortuitum (M. fortuitum subsp. fortuitum and M. fortuitum subsp. acetamidolyticum), four subspecies of M. avium (M. avium subsp. avium, M. avium subsp. silvaticum, M. avium subsp. paratuberculosis and "M. avium subsp. hominissuis"), two couples of subspecies of M. intracellulare (M. intracellulare subsp. intracellulare/M. intracellulare subsp. paraintracellulare and M. intracellulare subsp. chimaera/M. intracellulare subsp. yongonense), the species M. austroafricanum and M. vanbaalenii, the species M. senegalense and M. conceptionense, the species M. talmoniae and M. eburneum and the species M. marinum, M. ulcerans and M. pseudoshottsii. Furthermore one species were reclassified as subspecies of another mycobacterium: M. lepraemurium was reclassified as a subspecies of M. avium (M. avium subsp. lepraemurium). The updates to nomenclature are proposed basing on the priority of names according the Code of nomenclature of prokaryotes. For two species (M. bouchedurhonense and M. marseillense) the loss of standing in nomenclature is proposed because of unavailability of respective type strains in culture collections.

Original languageEnglish
Article number103983
JournalInfection, Genetics and Evolution
Volume75
Number of pages5
ISSN1567-1348
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019

Bibliographical note

CPDF

    Research areas

  • Mycobacterium, Taxonomy, Synonymous taxa, Average nucleotide identity, Genome to genome distance, SP NOV., EMENDED DESCRIPTION, SUBSP AVIUM, NOMENCLATURE, DESIGNATION, SEQUENCE, PROPOSAL, COMPLEX, BOVIS

ID: 3219415